December 2022

NMC publishes a new proposed draft for the NEXT Exam: Know all details


NEXT Exam Details that are important from the draft:


  1. NExT Step 1 will be a theoretical exam;
  2. The questions will be multiple-choice
  3. the examinations will be given via computer-based or online mode;
  4. this will be a centralized common all-India exam that will be administered by a body or authority designated by the commission;
  5. the exam will have six papers that cover subjects of the III MBBS or Final MBBS, both
    a. Medicine and related fields;
    b. Surgery and related fields;
    c. Obstetrics and Gynecology;
    d. Paediatrics;
    e. Otorhinolaryngology;
    f. Ophthalmology;
    g. Applied aspects of all subjects covered by I MBBS and II MBBS;
    h. Applied aspects of all subjects covered by III MBBS/Final MBBS Part l;

    NEXT 2

  6. Next 2 consists of
    a. Medicine and related fields;
    b. Surgery and related fields;
    c. Obstetrics and Gynecology;
    d. Paediatrics;
    e. Otorhinolaryngology;
    f. Ophthalmology;
    g. Orthopaedics; and PMR (Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
  7. The examination will be Objective Structured, Clinical Case Based, Simulated Cases/Patients with the goal of evaluating the practical The Commission will select the university or institution authorized to conduct NExT Step 2 for each college in the absence of state health universities.
  8. Once a year, there will be a regular NExT Step 2 exam. Once a year, there will be a NExT Step 2 Supplementary exam, which is only open to candidates who have failed one or more (up to three) of the seven subjects and are required to repeat those subjects.
  9. Candidates who do not pass both the NExT Step 2 Regular and Supplementary Examinations in a given year can only take the NExT Step 2 Regular Examination the following year.
  10. There is no limit on the number of times a candidate can take NExT Step 2, as long as they have passed both the NExT Step 1 and NExT Step 2 Examinations within ten years of starting the MBBS Course.

Question paper pattern:


– The majority of the questions will be clinical vignettes; 65 percent of the questions will be of the problem-solving variety.

– Twenty-five percent of the questions will be comprehensive.

– Recall questions will make up 10% of the questions.

Level of expertise that will be evaluated:

– Must know 60% – Nice to know 30% – May know 10% Papers and distribution 10% will be from preventive and social medicine 10% will be from basic sciences
Questions pertaining to forensic medicine, preventive medicine, and social medicine will be integrated.

Every day, there will be a break of two hours between the two sessions.

Proposed Schedule

Particular Date
NExT 1 regular examination 2nd week of December
NExT 1 Supplementary Not mentioned
Final professional university practicals 1st week of January
Internship 1st February
NExT 2 regular examination 2nd week of March
NExT 2 supplementary Not mentioned
Post graduate admission May to June
Post graduate course commences 1st July


NMC publishes a new proposed draft for the NEXT Exam: Know all details Read More »

INI CET- Institute of National Importance Combined Entrance Test: The Complete Guide


What is INI CET?


The Institute of National Importance Combined Entrance Test (INI CET) is a national level entrance exam conducted by the National Board of Examinations (NBE). The exam is held for admission to various postgraduate medical courses offered at institutes of national importance (INIs).

The INI CET  is held in two phases – Phase I and Phase II. Candidates who clear the cutoff score in Phase I will be eligible to appear for Phase II. The final merit list is prepared on the basis of marks secured by candidates in both the phases.

In this blog post, we will provide you with all the information you need to know about the INI CET exam, including eligibility criteria, syllabus, preparation tips, and more.


Eligibility criteria for INI CET


The Institute of National Importance Combined Entrance Test (INI CET) is a national level entrance examination. The exam is conducted by the NBE (National Board of Examinations) for admission to various postgraduate medical courses offered by institutes that have been declared as ‘Institutes of National Importance’ (INIs) by an act of parliament.

The eligibility criteria for INI CET are as follows:

– Candidates must have completed MBBS from a medical college recognized by MCI.

– Candidates must have completed one year of internship before the date of admission.

– Candidates must be registered with the Medical Council of India or any state medical council.

Exam Pattern 


INI CET is a national level entrance exam conducted by the National Board of Examinations (NBE) for admission to various PG medical courses offered at institutes of national importance (INIs). Candidates who wish to appear for the exam must ensure that they fulfil the eligibility criteria laid down by NBE. The exam pattern comprises two sections – Section A and B – each consisting of 100 multiple-choice questions (MCQs). The syllabus for INI CET covers topics from all major subjects taught in MBBS, including Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Pharmacology, Pathology, etc.


Books for INICET


Pre Clinical Books

Human Anatomy and Physiology

Elite Anatomy

Essentials Of Medical Physiology

Textbook of Clinical Neuroanatomy

Anatomy and Physiology in health and illness

BD CHAURASIAS Handbook of General Anatomy



Devesh Mishra for Pathology

Microbiology with Diseases by Taxonomy

Pharmacology for Medical Graduates

Essentials of Medical Pharmacology

The Essentials of Forensic Medicine

Medicine by Mudit Khanna

Preparatory manual Undergraduates Community Medicine


Clinical – Science Books


Kaplan and Sadock’s Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry

Review of Dermatology

DC Dutta’s Textbook of Obstetrics

Pediatric Clinical Examination

Orthopedics Quick Review

Review of radiology


How to prepare for INI CET.


Tips and tricks for INI CET


Candidates can prepare for INI CET by following some simple tips and tricks:

  • Firstly, make sure that you are well aware of the eligibility criteria and the exam pattern. This will help you understand the nature of the exam and prepare accordingly.
  • Secondly, go through the syllabus thoroughly and identify the topics that carry more weightage. Focus your attention on these topics while preparing for the exam.
  • Thirdly, refer to standard textbooks and other reference materials recommended by experts to get a clear understanding of all concepts.
  • Fourthly, solve as many mock tests and practice papers as possible to get a feel of the actual exam. This will also help you improve your speed and accuracy.
  • Lastly, stay updated with current affairs related to medical science as this forms an important part of the syllabus.




The syllabus for the INI CET covers all topics taught during MBBS. However, candidates are advised to focus on those topics that are commonly tested in postgraduate medical entrance exams.

To prepare for the INI CET, candidates should first familiarize themselves with the syllabus and exam pattern. They should then create a study plan and stick to it diligently. In addition, they should make use of available resources such as books, online materials, and mock tests. Lastly, they should stay positive and confident throughout their preparation journey.

INI CET- Institute of National Importance Combined Entrance Test: The Complete Guide Read More »


Notespaedia: 7 Benefits Of Notes for Medical Entrance Exams

It is a well known fact that medical exams are tough and medicos really don’t have much time to do all the notes making on their own with their busy schedule along with clinical rotations or university exams. To ace in exams like Next, NEET PG, INI CET, USMLE, study material is utmost important and having a pre hand made notes will definitely help you excel.

Lets look at the 7 benefits of notes and importance of it for revision:

1. Increases your cognition


One of the essential advantages of referring notes with lecture is that it will increase your cognizance. Looking at the notes, highlighting it along with video lectures lets you think with in the lines and deeply about each factor. By marking it, your abilities of paying attention also begin growing.


2. Promotes energetic gaining knowledge


Another advantage of referring notes alongside video lectures is that it helps you builds the mind-set of energetic mastering, rather than you being lazy to write, it does the work for you. Like, for many college students, it’s miles hard to pay attention to the whole chapter or topic and be responsive to the lecturer. Notes help you scan along to understand the lecturer better.

On the alternative hand, in case you already have notes in the course of elegance, it displays a fantastic mindset, and creates an urge to interrogate and ask questions. Thus, with the aid of making effective learning and you stay active in magnificence, and your studying becomes functional and effective.

3. Improves your reminiscence


Improvement in memory is also a fundamental advantage of having lecture notes. It expands the length of retaining records in thoughts for a long term because of revising and referring the same notes again.

4. Enhances important evaluation


Notes from Notespaedia is so beneficial that it complements your important analysis because, at the same time as making your notes, you keenly study every point and determine wherein it must be positioned. In this manner, having notes enhances your perceptions and make your judgment dependable.

5. Accelerates your creativity


Note referring more than once additionally boost up your creativity. Whenever you are referring notes, you address numerous key phrases, clues, and one of a kind key factors in your very own way of recalling it. By doing so, you grow to be skilled in handling the diversity of thoughts and distinctively making use of them.

Further, having notes allows you to use progressive thoughts that make your notes powerful and help you pay attention to a specific topic or situation.

6. Helps you conquer distractions


It is likewise an advantage that it prevents you from getting distracted. Distraction may be of any kind, like noise or intellectual pressure, etc., however if you are busy referring notes along with lecture, it makes your thoughts focused and never allow your subject matter be de-tracked.


7. Uplift self-self assurance


Last however not least, notes can also advantages in uplifting self assurance as it makes a scholar bright and permits him to perform properly in both- study room and checks. Self assurance and confidence only comes when you do repeated revision and the source of your study is trusted. We are trusted by lakhs of students, lets start your NEET PG preparation with us.

Good notes also make certain that a student is on the proper route. Therefore, he in no way loses heart and keeps on moving closer to achievement.

Notespaedia is all in one destination to buy all medical notes and make you more confident and scholarly.

In this manner, a student becomes assured and offers with all of the topics with tremendous courage and could strength.

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There is no need to panic regarding Covid-19 in India: Indian experts

According to the experts, India’s current Covid situation does not call for a lockdown or restrictions on international flights.

India has acted in response to the unprecedented rise in China of Covid’s new BF7 variant.

The BF7 variant of Covid-19 has already entered India, raising concerns about a second Covid-19 wave there. The government, on the other hand, has cautioned against panic.

The news that China is experiencing a second round of Covid-19 cases has panicked the Indian government. Additionally, numerous cases have been reported in France, Japan, South Korea, and the United States.


The main reason for the increase in Covid cases, according to medical researchers, is BF7 and the Omicron variant. There have been four cases of this subvariant found in India. Because of this, the Government of India (GOI) has called a high-level meeting to discuss the Covid-19 situation in India and plan campaigns to raise awareness.

It is better to be safe than sorry, even though it is still early days and the government has not yet declared the return of the pandemic. It’s hard to keep from having a good time at a party on Christmas and New Year’s Eve. However, if you are hosting a party, we recommend that you adhere to safety and hygiene guidelines. The party shouldn’t be remembered for being a bad time; it should be remembered for being a good time.

India has increased surveillance and genome sequencing of covid-positive samples amid an increase in cases in Japan, the United States, South Korea, Brazil, France, and China. The highly transmissible Omicron strain, most commonly BF.7, is currently affecting Chinese cities. Beijing’s main variant is contributing to a larger increase in infections in that nation.

What is the strain of Covid-19 BF.7 Omicron?

Due to its high transmissibility, BF.7, a sub-lineage of Omicron variant BA.5, has the strongest infection potential. It is more likely to reinfect people who have been vaccinated and has a shorter incubation period.

Government action Prime Minister Narendra Modi has urged people to wear masks in crowded public places after presiding over a high-level meeting on COVID-19.

In addition, PM Modi has urged authorities to increase testing and genome sequencing, as well as to encourage people, particularly elderly and vulnerable groups, to take a “Precaution (booster) dose.”

There is no need to panic regarding Covid-19 in India: Indian experts Read More »

Crack NEET PG With Notespaedia: Why choose us?

The ultimate destination for notes for NEET PG preparation

  • Notespaedia is 100% Authentic
  • Quality Guaranteed
  • Full Syllabus Coverage
  • Focused Material
  • It is trusted by More Than 100,000 Students

Notespaedia features that will help you improve your score include:


Self-explanatory notes (no reference material required):


Notes prepared by NEET PG Top Faculties and Toppers, giving you an advantage over regular aspirants.

Covers entire syllabus in less time by notespaedia notes:


Notes from notespaedia covers the entire syllabus, which can be completed in one to two months with multiple revisions. More than 90% of any NEET PG question bank can be answered with notespaedia notes preparation.

Because notes are short and to the point, they save you a lot of time.

How to get a score of 600 or higher on the NEET PG using notespaedia notes:




Study the notes thoroughly and then answer the question banks. If you can correctly solve the questions in the question bank, move on to the next topic; if not, go over the notes again. Remember to regularly revisit previously completed subjects. Also, if you want to score well, make sure you remember what you learned.


Why Notespaedia NEET PG notes should be used?


Notespaedia notes covers all 19 subjects that comes in the exams.

Notes are written by top students and professors from prestigious institutions like Dr Bhatia Medical Coaching Institute working from 25 years in Medical PG coaching, and most trusted app called Egurukul, based on a thorough analysis of question papers from the previous year.

To save time, Notespaedia helps you quickly comprehend a topic. Also taken care of is making sure you don’t miss anything important for the exam. These notes are sufficient to pass the NEET PG exam with good marks with proper practice.

Quality of Handwritten Notes from Notespaedia:


Notes from the most recent edition. written in handwriting that is clear and easy to read. properly indexed with page numbers so that each subject can be found quickly. costs less because it offers coachings and top-level knowledge at a lower cost.

It has different color codes used to sense the importance of a particular topic.

A lot of charts, diagrams, images and Xrays are added for easy understanding in remembering of solving image based questions and sharp visualization to retain those notes in your memory forever.

The NEET PG Exam is a highly competitive exam that requires a lot of hard work, knowledge, and skillset to pass. At Notespaedia, we know how important it is to have the right information for the NEET PG Exam. 

Path to Success:


If you follow these steps, the notes will greatly assist you in your preparation. Practice questions every day will help you learn more and get better grades. Learn about current events on a daily basis with the notespaedia blogs and practice taking quizzes by subject and category.

The NEET PG Exam Notes are the culmination of the efforts of numerous NEET PG aspirants, instructors, and toppers. The facts and figures that are necessary for the exam are covered in detail and in a very brief and concise manner in the notes. These notes can act as a decent wellspring of study material for the people who are getting ready from home and not going to any training establishment.

We are happy to help you for any queries you have.

Crack NEET PG With Notespaedia: Why choose us? Read More »

Medical College in Kaithal to be named after Lord Shri Parshuram, announces CM Khattar

On Sunday, Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar addressed the gathering at the state-level program of Lord Shri Parshuram Mahakumbh in Karnal. Among the important announcements he made were the declaration of a  holiday on the occasion of Lord Parshuram Jayanti and the naming of the Kaithal medical college after Lord Shri Parshuram.

In addition, the Chief Minister announced that the state would establish a Pujari and Purohit Welfare Board in order to provide them with a fixed minimum wage. He added that the skilled workforce of Pujari and Purohits will be used to determine the minimum wage rate in this regard.

Khattar likewise reported that the issue of Pehrawar land has been settled and will be given to the Gaur Brahmin School as it were. A new rent understanding will be finished for this school for a very long time from the year 2022 to 2055 and the pace of the rent will be according to the standards. The initial term of this lease was from 2009 to 2042. In addition, Khattar stated that they will not be required to pay any kind of fine or penalty money while simultaneously announcing the waiver of the previous payment.

Advancements in Medical College

In addition, the Chief Minister announced that 100 BMS seats would be approved for Gaur Brahman Ayurvedic College. In addition, he announced that 35 seats in the MD-MS program—five in each of seven subjects—would be approved.

A postage stamp would also be issued in Lord Parshuram’s honor, according to Khattar. In response to this, a letter will be sent to Communications Minister Ashwini Vaishnav, Union Minister for Railways, Communications, Electronics, and Information Technology.

On the subject of Economically Backward Persons in the General Category (EBPG), the Chief Minister stated that the Haryana government had drafted a policy to give economically weaker sections 10% reservation in government jobs. After that, the central government had given the policy a new name and made 10% reservation for economically weaker sections across the country. He added that the Central Government’s policy was later implemented in Haryana as well.

According to Khattar, the court decided that the recruitment would be carried out in accordance with the Central Government’s EWS policy during the time that the EBPG policy issue was brought to court. About 400-500 candidates were unable to receive appointment letters for this reason. The Chief Minister stated that the Haryana government is steadfast in its position in the High Court regarding this matter and that it is our goal to ensure that those candidates receive appointment letters as soon as possible.


Concerning the Dholidar land issue, he stated that the Dholidar Act was drafted with little consideration. Dholidar received two types of donated land as part of this. There is panchayati land owned by the government and private land. The law has been changed by the government of Haryana, and the Dholidar now owns approximately 1700 acres of private land. A provision will also be made in the law to release this land if the panchayati land was given to the Dholidar for the purpose of building a house or farming, shared Khattar.

He also said that Bhai Mati Das- Sati Das Chhibber would be the new name for Fountain Chowk in Karnal. In addition, the old Parshuram Chowk would be beautified and the road between Parshuram Chowk and Gandhi Chowk would be named Bhagwan Parshuram Marg. Essentially, a sculpture of Master Parshuram will likewise be introduced in a recreation area in the city, declared Khattar. Additionally, he announced a grant for Dharamshalas totaling Rs 31 lakh. In addition, he announced that he would donate a plot of 2000 square feet to the Bhagwan Parshuram Seva Sadan. That’s what he said assuming associations apply for plots at different spots in the state, they will be given plots according to rules.

In addition, Khattar announced the establishment of an Acharya Chanakya Chair at Maharishi Dayanand University, Rohtak, for research into his life and works. He urged people from all of the communities that were present to collaborate with the government to advance society and the country’s progress and prosperity.

Medical College in Kaithal to be named after Lord Shri Parshuram, announces CM Khattar Read More »

Pathology: 7 useful tricks to study for NEET PG

Pathology is one of the most troublesome yet in addition perhaps of the most entrancing class in clinical school. Your knowledge of pathology will not only help you through your transporter, but it may also one day save a life.

We have listed all the best ways to help you get the most out of your Pathology study time and retain more information so that you can get the best grades on your exams.


1.Study Resources

A proper study resource is a best way to get started to study any subject. The best way to learn any subject is through standard books, for pathology many suggest Robbins as a standard book set but it is too lengthy, therefore an ideal way to study is through notes made by expert, Dr Devesh Mishras Pathology notes are world famous and used by many of the toppers of many exams like INI CET, NEET PG, FMGE. It is easy to comprehend and has covered all major topics needed for NEET PG exam.

2. Have your basics cleared

A lifelong skill is the study of anatomy, physiology, and pathology. To comprehend pathology and the causes of diseases, you do not need to know everything about anatomy and physiology; however, you should be familiar with the fundamentals. Therefore, you should first review the fundamental anatomical structure of the brain, the structures that surround it, the blood supply to those structures, and the lobes of the brain that control each function and the physiology of the brain if you are going to study the pathology of the brain the following week. So, if you go to class and your professor talks about stroke, you will know how a blood clot blocks the cerebral artery and affects the functions of each brain lobe.

3.Instead of memorizing the information, understand it!

Facts cannot be memorized without understanding them. Study sheets and a flowchart of the entire mechanism can be made for each disease. If you try to memorize the facts, you will quickly forget them. Hence, you should understand an illness’ neurotic cycle.


The more you learn, the more likely it is that you will forget many intricate mechanisms. To retain everything you have learned, all you should need to do is repeatedly repeat it. You can revise your notes on a daily, weekly, or monthly basis, but the more you do it, the more you will know.

5.Take a test to find out how much you know.

You can ask your friends questions based on your own ideas, or you can use past papers or model papers that your teachers or institute have given you. This is a must-do activity if you want to get good grades because you know exactly what you need to study.

6.Check your mistakes

If you make a mistake during a self-review and use your reference materials to correct it, it is very unlikely that you will forget it. Therefore, always pay extra attention to your errors.

7. Use flashcards / Make them

Use pathology notes to study and prepare flashcards for important topics that can help you revise more effectively.

You can make a variety of flashcards, including questions and answers, diseases and pathology, and others. Making flashcards with questions and answers can help you prepare for the exams.

Make a cheat sheet out of the parts that are more important to you and the topics that you usually forget even more easily. Accordingly, it will make amendment a lot less difficult than going through the reading material over and over.


Useful References to learn Pathology

  1. Devesh Mishra Pathology – Get that edge for your medical exams with the Devesh Mishra Pathology notes. Written by the renowned Dr. Devesh Mishra, these notes provide complete coverage on Pathology for NEET PG, INICET and other medical entrance exams. Simplified with easy to understand language and digestible points, this book makes sure that you not only learn but also remember the most important concepts of Pathology. Get ready to ace your upcoming exams with the help of these invaluable notes!

2. Pathology Image Bank – Make learning Pathology more efficient and comprehensive with the Pathology Image Bank from Notespedia. This note has all of the images, flowcharts, tables, and diagrams to make understanding the material easier than ever. What’s more, crisp and clear explanations ensure that you get the most out of each topic. With this image bank, you can learn Pathology in as few as 3 hours. Plus, it’s been proven to increase your strike rate with 30% of the questions in INICET and NEET PG being image based. Finally, this image bank includes all the images used in Robinson’s Pathology textbook with an emphasis on repeated topics. Get ahead and ace your exams with Notespedia’s Pathology Image Bank!

3. Pathoma – Pathoma authored by Dr. Husain A Sattar is a tremendous resource in studying for USMLE Step 1 and preparing for third year MBBS theory exams. Dr. Sattar’s lectures cover all of the high yield pathology points. He explains everything from a basic mechanistic approach which is critical because that is how the questions are tested, but more importantly it develops true understanding which is never forgotten.



General Pathology

  • Reversible cell injury
  • Pathogenesis of cell injury
  • Morphological changes during cell injury
  • Fatty liver
  • Necrosis
  • Apoptosis
  • Gangrene
  • Calcification
  • Atrophy
  • Hypertrophy & hyperplasia
  • Metaplasia
  • HLA system
  • Transplant rejection
  • Etiology and pathogenesis of AIDS
  • Hypersensitivity reaction
  • Autoimmune disease
  • Pathogenesis of amyloidosis
  • Etiology and pathogenesis of oedema
  • Shock
  • Thrombosis
  • Fat embolism
  • Air embolism
  • Ischemia
  • Infaction
  • Inflammation defination, signs
  • Acute inflammation
  • Mediators of acute inflammation
  • Granulomatous inflammation
  • Primary tuberculosis
  • Milliary tuberculosis
  • Leprosy
  • Syphilis
  • Wound healing
  • Neoplasia
  • Difference between benign and melignant tumors
  • Routes of metastasis
  • Paraneoplastic syndrome
  • Tumor markers
  • Blood Vessels
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Aneurism


  • Acute myocardial infaction
  • Rheumatic heart disease
  • Bacterial Endocarditis
  • Serum Cardiac Markers for MI

Respiratory system

  • Lobar Pneumonia
  • Lung Abscess
  • Chronic bronchitis
  • Bronchitis
  • Emphysema
  • Bronchogenic Carcinoma
  • Bronchial Asthma


  • Liver Function test
  • Jaundice
  • Neonatal Jaundice
  • Viral Hepatitis
  • Acute Hepatitis
  • Cirrhosis
  • Alchoholic Liver Disease
  • Billiary Cirrrhosis


  • Renal function Test
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Nephritic syndrome
  • Acute pylonephritis
  • Chronic pylonephritis
  • Wilm’s Tumor
  • Acute post streptococcal Glomerulonephritis
  • Non streptococcal Glomerulonephritis
  • RPGN
  • Minimum Change Disease
  • Membrano proliferative Glomerulonephritis
  • Ig A Nephropathy
  • Diabitic Nephropathy
  • Hydronephrosis


  • Gastritis
  • Peptic ulcer
  • Difference between Gastric and Peptic ulcer
  • Gastric cacinoma
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  • Enteric Fever
  • Intestinal TB


  • Functions of Thyroid
  • Thyroid Function Test
  • Hashimoto’s Thrroiditis
  • Goiter
  • Toxic Goiter
  • Grave’s Disease
  • Lab diagnosis of DM
  • Glycosylated Hb


  • Berry Aneurysm
  • Cerebral infarction
  • CSF examination
  • Neuroblastoma


  • Basal Cell Carcinoma
  • Premalignant Lesions


  • Fibroadenoma
  • Cancer of Breast

Pathology: 7 useful tricks to study for NEET PG Read More »

Notespaedia App is live

Now you can read notes on your device with Notespaedia app. We are giving out all Previous Year Recall notes for free, check out other amazing features in app.